ERIC Number: ED180229
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
Aspects sociolinguistiques du bilinguisme canadien (Aspects of Canadian Bilingualism).
Saint Jacques, Bernard
The Canadian government opted for a politics of bilingualism according to the "personal solution" whereby the Canadian citizen, whether English or French, can demand the protection of his language regardless of the section of the country in which he lives. In a "territorial solution," an individual can claim official status for his language only in a limited part of the country. This study claims that the official option for bilingualism according to the personal solution is founded on an erroneous analysis of the Canadian situation. This claim is developed in three parts: (1) Constitutional legislative and political aspects of Canadian bilingualism; (2) bilingualism from "one ocean to the other"; and (3) the question of a bilingual or a French Quebec. Part One discusses Article 133 of the British North American Act (1867), the Royal commission to investigate bilingualism and biculturalism, the Official Language Act, and the multicultural politics of the federal government. Part Two treats personal and territorial solutions, a bilingualism of the elite, French minorities outside Quebec, and the mechanisms of assimilation into the English-speaking group. Part Three discusses the question of false linguistic security in Quebec and the French language as spoken in Quebec. (AMH)
Descriptors: Biculturalism, Bilingualism, Civil Rights, English, Ethnicity, French, Language Maintenance, Language Planning, Language Research, Language Usage, Language Variation, Legislation, Minority Groups, Official Languages, Political Issues, Public Policy, Regional Dialects, Self Concept, Socioeconomic Influences, Sociolinguistics
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Laval Univ., Quebec (Quebec). International Center for Research on Bilingualism.
Identifiers: Canada; Quebec