ERIC Number: ED180147
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Levels of Organization on Clustering and Recall in Normal, Learning Disabled, and Educable Mentally Retarded Children. Final Report.
Becker, Laurence; Morrison, Gale
The cognitive input organization skill of clustering and its effect on recall were examined in 235 normal, learning disabled, and educable mentally retarded children within three mental age (MA) ranges (5 to 7 years, 7 to 9 years, and 9 to 11 years). Ss were assigned randomly to three conditions testing the effect of different levels of organization on recall and clustering. These conditions, in order of increasing organization, were random, blocked, and active sorting. Results for recall and clustering measures were parallel. All Ss increased their recall and clustering performance under the blocked and sort conditions, indicating that learning handicapped as well as nonhandicapped children are able to increase memory performance when given or encouraged to use an organizational strategy. The significant interaction found between MA and type of organization suggested that lower MA Ss needed assistance in the organization of materials, while higher MA Ss performed better when allowed to structure their own organization. (Author/DLS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Riverside.