ERIC Number: ED179642
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Association Between Pupil Attendance and Socio-Economic Status in the Community School Districts of New York City.
Gifford, Bernard R.; And Others
In discharging its constitutional responsibility for maintaining and supporting free public schools, the state financially aids local school districts to insure that lack of wealth is not an obstacle to providing at least a mimimum educational program. State aid to education in New York State is dependent on two factors: the full value of real property and the number of pupils in average daily attendance. From the point of view of the five largest cities in the State, the use of these factors is discriminatory. The aid formulae used by the State make extensive use of the full value of real property per resident pupil in weighted average attendance as a measure of the school district's wealth. Because they are property rich and also have low attendance rates, the large cities are apportioned the same aid per pupil as other equally rich school districts even though these districts have higher income levels. In addition, pupil attendance is strongly associated with the socio-economic status of the district's residents. Therefore, a community with high socio-economic status will receive more State educational aid than one having low socio-economic status. An attendance based aid distribution scheme fails to serve the purpose of equalization of educational opportunity. (Author/RLV)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of the Deputy Chancellor.
Identifiers: New York; New York (New York)
Note: Paper presented at the American Education Finance Conference (San Antonio, Texas, March, 1977)