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ERIC Number: ED179620
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Bilingual Education and Public Policy in Hawaii: Historical and Current Issues.
Agbayani, Amefil
Hawaii's history of immigration, language policy, and education are directly related to the issue of bilingual education in its schools today. Beginning with missionary contact, English became the dominant language of the islands, in terms of official policy if not in terms of numerical superiority of English speakers. Until World War II, there existed English language "standard" schools, "nonstandard" schools (which the white community called "pidgin" schools), and Japanese and Chinese language schools. However, with the war came pressures for the abandonment of any "non-American" characteristics, such as foreign languages. After the war, segregated schools ceased to exist. Since Statehood (1959), Hawaii has been concerned with meeting national achievement standards. Thus, although immigrants continue to flow into the State at the rate of 7,000 per year (2,000 of these of school age), Hawaii lags far behind other States in its application for Federal bilingual funds. One of the major reasons for this is the attitude against the use of languages other than standard English which prevails among much of the population. A further barrier to the acceptance of bilingual education is the under-representation of particular minority groups (i.e., Filipino and Hawaiian) in the Department of Education. In a State in which competition for jobs is fierce, language will thus continue to be an important factor in determining economic opportunity. (GC)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Hawaii; Hawaiian Creole English
Note: Paper presented at the National Association for Asian American and Pacific Education Conference (San Francisco, California, April 25-27, 1979); Not available in paper copy due to reproduction quality of original document; Tables may be marginally legible