ERIC Number: ED178874
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Schemas for Reading Texts Differing in Organization: A Study of Sixth Grade Proficient Readers.
Furniss, Elaine R.
Each of 31 sixth grade students read and recalled two texts with different content and structure in a study of structural factors contributing to recall. The subjects' immediate and delayed (one week) recalls were categorized into propositional text bases for a comparative anlaysis of the effects of different text's recall proportions, recall categories, types of propositions recalled, hierarchical levels of information in recall, and template text position of propositions in recall. The results indicated that proficient sixth grade readers do utilize texts differing in structure in different ways when given reading and recall tasks. As was expected, proportionately more propositions were recalled from texts with story narrative structures than from descriptive informational texts. Although text structure was not found to affect the proportions of propositions recalled for each recall category (entailed, evoked, external, and general recall), the story narrative texts produced better recall of predicate and connective propositions, of content at higher hierarchical levels, and of content within specific sections of the texts. When the subjects were asked to state which text was remembered better, 22 out of 31 subjects chose the topic with the story narrative structure. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Schemata; Story Grammar
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the New Zealand Conference on Reading (10th, Auckland, New Zealand, August 19-22, 1979) and the Australian Reading Conference (5th, Perth, Western Australia, August 25-28, 1979)