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ERIC Number: ED178850
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr-16
Reference Count: 0
Therapy Outcome: The Influence of the Sex of the Participants.
Karpowitz, Dennis H.; Gurri, Irene M.
Relationships among client sex bias, client sex, and therapist sex to therapy outcome were examined in four hypotheses: (1) Does sex of participants or initial client sex preference for a therapist affect treatment outcome? (2) Does exposure to a same or (3) opposite sex therapist affect attitudes toward the therapist? (4) Does client-perceived similarity to the therapist affect outcome? Twenty-five female and 25 male clients were randomly assigned to one of five conditions. Four treatment conditions were either same-sex or opposite-sex client-therapist dyads, plus a no-treatment control group. Dependent measures included a questionnaire of attitudes toward therapists and the client's therapist sex preference. Treatment condition clients received two individual assertion training sessions employing modeling, coaching and behavioral rehearsal. Results revealed that treatment was effective compared to a no-treatment control. Positive change in client attitude correlated directly with outcome. Clients' attitudes did not reveal overall sex biases, but clients preferred opposite-sex therapists. Sex of client-therapist dyads, felt similarity and sex preferences toward the therapist did not significantly affect treatment outcome. (Author/BMW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association (Las Vegas, Nevada, April 16-19, 1979)