ERIC Number: ED178786
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship of Student Locus of Control to Self-Esteem and Six Measures of Reading Performance.
Willey, Diane L.
The relationship of student locus of control (SLOC) to six achievement measures and a number of student characteristics measured in a study of student performance in a reading tutorial program was examined. Subjects were 121 elementary and junior high students, individually tutored two hours daily by high school and college students and adults. The structured tutoring materials focused on decoding and comprehension skills. Students were pre- and post-tested with the Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control Scale for Children. Additional measures were seven dependent variables (oral reading, spelling, word recognition, auditory discrimination-2, number of tutoring books completed, and self-esteem) and several student characteristics. The relationship of SLOC to the other variables was examined. SLOC was significantly correlated with student age, grade, intelligence, self-esteem, all achievement measures, and the Self Esteem Scale (SES) internality being associated with higher SES. In the regression analyses, SLOC pretest was a significant predictor of four dependent variables. The data provide confirmation of the construct validity of the Nowicki-Strickland scale. Implications of the relationship of SLOC with self-esteem and the consistent increases in the magnitude of the correlations from pre- to post-testing are discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Nowicki Strickland Locus of Control Scale; Self Esteem Scale
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Southeastern Psychological Association (24th, Atlanta, Georgia, March 15-18, 1978)