ERIC Number: ED178557
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Educational Research, Test Validity and Court Decisions.
Manning, Winton H.
A review of court cases, involving the use of various standardized tests, highlights the kinds of test validity and the interpretation by the courts of test fairness in setting personnel selection standards. Guidelines established by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) are shown to support the use of predictive validity in test-related litigation, while the Federal Executive Agency Guidelines on Employee Selection recognize several other validity models, such as content and construct validity; the acceptance of appropriate measures of training success as criteria in validation studies; a focus on the impact of the totality of the selection process; and an awareness that its guidelines are principles designed to assist people. Court cases discussed include Armstead v Starkville; Tyler v Vickery; U.S. v State of North Carolina; and Washington v Davis. The viewpoint highlighted in this paper supports a broader perspective on test validity models and the need to reconceptualize the theory of test validation so as to balance an emphasis on statistical evidence with the ongoing process of scientific inference. (MH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Content Validity; Criterion Validity; Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; Federal Executive Agency
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (61st, New York, NY, April 4-9, 1977)