ERIC Number: ED178223
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Children's Gender and Responsiveness to Their Parents Influence Parental Discipline.
Mulhern, Raymond K.; Passman, Richard H.
This study investigated the interaction of child and parent gender with child responsiveness in determining parents' later selection of discipline. Participants were 40 parents and their preschool children (ten pairs each of mother/daughter, mother/son, father/daughter, and father/son combinations). After being separated from his or her child, each parent was told that the child was assembling a puzzle in an adjacent room and that the parent was to monitor the child's performance telemetrically. The child's successes and errors were indicated by a tone or buzz respectively and were registered on digital counters. The parent was to indicate on console pushbuttons the number of candies (0 to 9) to be added to the child's supply for a success or to be subtracted for an error so that the child would best learn how to do the puzzle. In reality, the child was playing in an adjacent room, and the events that the parent believed were being produced by the child were experimentally manipulated. In baseline, the child appeared to make 50% successes independently of the parent's teaching strategy. Successes then became contingent upon the parent's selection of high, and later low, intensities of punishment for errors. Finally, 100% errors were programmed regardless of parental punishment. Results indicated that the parents' and children's gender and the children's apparent responsiveness to parental discipline combined to determine the parents' administrations of rewarding and punishing consequences for the children's behaviors. (Author/JMB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Child Effects
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (87th, New York, NY, September, 1979)