ERIC Number: ED178181
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Sep
Reference Count: 0
An Innovative Measure of Children's Cognitions in Problematic Interpersonal Situations.
Elias, Maurice J.; And Others
The purpose of this paper is to report on the development and validation of the Social Problem Situation Analysis Measure (SPSAM), a measure of the ways in which children understand and attempt to resolve problematic social situations. The SPSAM is an assessment procedure in which children are shown cards depicting sequences of unfolding action in peer- and teacher-related problematic situations. Reactions of second grade children to these situations are examined in terms of their understanding of situations and characters, consideration of possibilities, specificity of planning, expectancies, and behavioral strategies for resolution. Sections of this paper contain a description of the SPSAM and its scoring system, the initial validation design used, replicated findings concerning the organization of social problem solving cognitions in young children, external validation data, and a discussion of implications for future research. External validation studies revealed significant relationships of SPSAM variables to sociometric and teacher rating scores. Internal validation analyses showed consistent patterns of SPSAM variables over time and test conditions. (Author/RH)
Descriptors: Children, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Measurement, Communication Skills, Conflict Resolution, Individual Development, Interpersonal Competence, Measurement Instruments, Peer Relationship, Problem Solving, Prosocial Behavior, Social Adjustment, Student Teacher Relationship, Test Construction, Test Validity
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Connecticut Univ., Storrs.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Social Problem Situation Analysis Measure
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (86th, Toronto, Canada, August 28- September 1, 1978)