ERIC Number: ED178161
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: N/A
Family Policy in the USSR Since 1944.
Von Frank, April A.
This study examines Soviet family policies since 1944 concerning family allowances, abortion and contraception, divorce and illegitimacy, child care facilities and maternity benefits, and motherhood awards. The problems of Soviet society which brought about these policies are discussed and their use in encouraging fertility and promoting female labor force participation in the Soviet population is examined. Part I examines the immediate and practical problems facing the USSR after World War II when the policies were first instituted. Also included is a description of the content and subsequent changes in each policy. Part II analyzes the application of Soviet policy to various segments of the population. Emphasis is given to urban-rural differences which are crucial in understanding family policies in the USSR. Part III includes an evaluation of the effectiveness of Soviet policy in achieving its goals and focuses on the major social and economic changes occurring in the USSR since 1944 that are largely responsible for the success or lack of success of family policies. Part IV relates the origin and changes in family policy to the Marxist-Leninist ideological base of Soviet society. Current debates over both ideology and policy are included. The study relies on both Soviet and Western sources, including scholarly and official government materials. (Author/SS)
Descriptors: Abortions, Birth Rate, Child Care, Divorce, Family Planning, Family Problems, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Labor Needs, Mothers, Public Policy, Rural Urban Differences, Social Change
R & E Research Associates, Inc., 936 Industrial Avenue, Palo Alto, CA 94303 (Paper, $10.00)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Maternity Benefits; USSR