ERIC Number: ED177999
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Population Validity and College Entrance Measures. Research Monograph Number 8.
Breland, Hunter M.
Published reports and papers pertaining to the validity of measures commonly used at college entrance are reviewed and summarized in this report. These measures consist of various types of academic quantitative indices used to describe the high school record and various types of academic tests. The data are categorized by sex and ethnic classifications where possible, and comparisons are made. The validity of inferences made about different populations from the high school record and test scores is considered. Investigated was the degree to which performance of populations were over- or under-predicted when the data used in making inferences were not limited to data for that population. The data indicate that both the high school record and standardized academic tests appear to be useful at college entrance. Data also indicate that the college performance of black populations, both male and female, has been consistently over-predicted by the traditional academic indices when predictions are based on data from white or predominantly white samples. Women were shown to be consistently under-predicted by the traditional measures when predictions were based on data from male or predominantly male samples. The data are extensively tabulated and correlation tables of predictor validity are appended. (Author/SF)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Admission (School), College Bound Students, Comparative Analysis, Correlation, Grades (Scholastic), Higher Education, Measurement, Minority Groups, Predictive Measurement, Predictive Validity, Predictor Variables, Standardized Tests, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Data, Tables (Data)
College Board Publication Orders, Box 2815, Princeton, NJ 08541
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.