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ERIC Number: ED177793
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Apr
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Effect of Experience on the Discourse Comprehension of Deaf and Hearing Adolescents.
Kluwin, Thomas N.; And Others
The influence of situational expectations, conditioned by previous experience, on the interpretation of entire prose passages was investigated with 22 hearing and 18 hearing impaired adolescents. The ambiguous paragraph model was borrowed from D. Schallert and two separate paragraphs were constructed. Ten multiple choice questions were generated for each ambiguous paragraph. Each question had two possible correct answers, one for each of the two primary interpretations. Two distractor items were written, one for each of the two interpretations. The primary interpretation reponses and distractors were then randomly ordered for each test item. Ss were instructed to read the first paragraph, answer the questions and then proceed directly to the second paragraph. It was concluded from results that differential reading abilities of adults, as well as children, may not be due to linguistic differences but to the fact that a lifetime of different or incomplete experiences has not prepared them to organize the world in an optional fashion. (SBH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Education Research Association (San Francisco, California, April, 1979)