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Call for Feedback: Proposed Changes to How ERIC Indicates Peer Review
Call for Feedback

ERIC proposes to expand the peer-reviewed indicator to additional materials. ยป Learn more

ERIC Number: ED177523
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
What Is Reading? A Comparison of Three Models of the Reading Process.
Angus, Elisabeth
Theoretical models of the reading process have been proposed by F. Smith, E. J. Gibson and H. Levin, and D. LaBerge and S. J. Samuels. These models were examined using the following questions: How are features of print processed by the brain? How important are prior knowledge and expectations to the process (top-down or bottom-up processing)? Is meaning located primarily in the text or in the mind of the reader? Does the reader "decode to sound" and then to meaning, or go directly to meaning? Can reading be viewed as a summation of discrete acts, or is it a unitary process? Of the three models, the ones by Smith and by LaBerge and Samuels showed the greatest divergence, with Gibson and Levin's approach holding an intermediate position. Although none of the three models discussed has yet proven its superiority, comparison of the ways each model answers the foregoing questions sheds light on some intriguing issues in contemporary research on the reading process. Reading research has not yet produced one model that is "correct" or preferred above all others; but comparing different views can help identify and clarify the questions that are essential to understanding the reading process. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Study prepared at York University