ERIC Number: ED177399
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-May-5
Reference Count: 0
Anger Between Intimates: An Experimental Study of Aggression Reduction Strategies.
Fitz, Don; And Others
The effects of counter-aggression strategies on married couples resulting from use of the Taylor interactive paradigm were investigated. Married persons (N=52) competed in a complex reaction time task and set durations of 100 decibel punitive noise for either their spouse or an opposite-sex stranger. During pretrials (aggression escalation), males significantly increased settings when competing with their spouse but not when competing with an unfamiliar female. Women increased settings when competing with unfamiliar males but not when competing with their spouse. During experimental trials, four counteraggression reduction strategies were examined: passive withdrawal (0% counteraggression), minimum retaliation (10%), intermediate retaliation (50%), and incremental escalation (50% + 5). Men reduced punitive settings under the 10% retaliation condition only. Women reduced punitive settings under 0%, 10%, and 50% conditions. When men were confronted with a passive strategy by a woman, a decrease in aggression was followed by an increase. Women did not show the same pattern. The relationship between these findings and others concerning wives' difficulties in reducing husbands' hostility is discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Missouri Univ., St. Louis.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (51st, Chicago, Illinois, May 3-5, 1979)