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ERIC Number: ED177257
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Previous Success or Failure on a Majority-Minority Confrontation.
Gorman, Michael E.; And Others
In a series of groups, a four-person majority and a two-person minority were trained separately to adopt different rules for predicting the level of drug use in each of a set of fictitious anthropological societies. On the final training trial, the success or failure of each of these two sub groups at guessing the level of drug use was manipulated to produce a 2 X 2 design in which both majority and minority succeeded one quarter of the time, both failed one quarter of the time, and one succeeded while the other failed half the time. Then both sub groups were brought together and required to predict the level of drug use in two additional cultures. A significant interaction between majority success or failure and the positions adopted by the majority and minority group members after each task was noted. Minority success or failure was found to significantly affect the private responses of individual members, as recorded on questionnaires. It appeared, therefore, that the majority tended to set the pattern for the public debate while the minority exerted its most important influence on the private positions taken by individuals. Implications of these results for several models of social influence were discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A