ERIC Number: ED176947
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Origins of Sex Differences in High School Mathematics Achievement and Participation.
Steel, Lauri; And Others
The goal of this study was to identify the origins of observed sex differences in high school mathematics achievement. At the beginning of high school, boys and girls did not differ significantly in their levels of mathematics achievement, but by twelfth grade the boys had gained over twice as much as the girls. The findings from this study reveal that virtually all the sex differences in mathematics achievement can be explained by sex differences in participation in high school mathematics. The number of mathematics courses taken during high school was predicted most strongly by mathematics achievement and educational expectations in ninth grade, both measures on which only minimal sex differences were found. Among students of equal ability and educational aspirations, sex differences in mathematics participation appeared to be due to differences in interests in mathematics and in mathematics-related careers. (MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.