ERIC Number: ED176901
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Influence of a Resident Outdoor Program on the Attitudes of Sixth Grade Students Toward Outdoor Concepts Using Two Teaching Methods.
Millward, Robert E.
Investigating the effect of a resident outdoor experience on the attitudes of 300 sixth grade students exposed to two different teaching methods, students from the Brownsville School District in Pennsylvania were randomly assigned to a week-long camp experience. Teachers in the control group (N=3) were given 20 hours of training in outdoor strategies for numerous disciplines, while teachers in the experimental group (N=3) were given additional instruction in attitudinal strategies. Using the Ribble-Shultz Social Substantive Schedule to code the verbal interaction between student and teacher and the Millward-Ginter Outdoor Attitude Inventory to measure student attitudes toward the environment, education, pollution, and socialization, null hypotheses re: the effect of sex differences, grade averages, the week's camp experience, and the pre- and post-tests were tested. Results indicated: attitudes toward social interaction were positively influenced, but attitudes toward outdoor educational concepts changed very little; attitude scores differed significantly between three grade average groups but were not consistantly different in the within group category; attitude scores were not affected by sex differences; teacher/student verbal interaction patterns were similar in both groups; the experimental teacher group made little use of affective techniques. (JC)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Concept Formation, Doctoral Dissertations, Environmental Education, Grade Point Average, Grade 6, Hypothesis Testing, Outdoor Education, Pollution, Pretesting, Pretests Posttests, Resident Camp Programs, Sex Differences, Socialization, Student Attitudes, Teaching Methods
Inter-Library Loan, The Pennsylvania State University , University Park, Pennsylvania 16802
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Brownsville Area School District PA; Millward Ginter Outdoor Attitude Inventory; Ribble Shultz Social Substantive Schedule
Note: Ed.D. Thesis, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park