ERIC Number: ED176853
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
Pre-School Children and Television: Two Studies Carried Out in Three Countries.
Homberg, Erentraud, Ed.
This brochure presents the summaries of two major studies carried out in three European countries concerning the role of television in the life of preschool children. The first study involved participant observation and interviews of 90 families from England and 50 families from Ireland over a 6-month period. The children studied were between the ages of 3 years and 4 years, 8 months. A major objective of the study was to obtain a comprehensive survey of the children's activities and not just of their viewing habits. Data are reported on the following: daily routines of the children; relations between the children's television consumption and family variables; the children's attentiveness to television programs; the relative popularity of different children's programs; the mothers' influence on their children's viewing habits; the mothers' attitudes towards television commercials; parental appraisal of television; and the television producers' educational aims. The second study also involved observation and interviews, this time with 50 families from a large town and a small town in Sweden. Conclusions are stated regarding the relation between child's level of T.V. viewing and parents' level of education, child's age and sex; parents' attitudes and behavior towards and influence on children's viewing habits; indirect and direct, long-term effects of television on children; and the role of other mass media in the life of preschool children. In addition, comments are made on the role of television as an intellectual, social, emotional, and creative stimulus in children's development. (Author/SS)
Descriptors: Childrens Television, Educational Television, Family Characteristics, Family Influence, Foreign Countries, Parent Attitudes, Parent Influence, Preschool Children, Television Viewing
K.G. Saur Publishing, Inc., 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10010 ($9.25)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Collected Works - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: England; Ireland; Sweden