ERIC Number: ED176357
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Interpersonal Needs.
Cambra, Ronald E.; Klopf, Donald W.
The Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation--Behavior (FIRO-B) was administered to 504 Japanese, 219 Australian, 73 Korean, and 397 United States college students to assess interpersonal needs in the four cultures. The FIRO-B provides ratings for inclusion, control, and affection needs on an "expressed" dimension to indicate the behavior people express toward others, and on a "wanted" dimension to indicate the behavior people want expressed toward them. The following results were observed and explained through cultural differences: the only significant differences between the Americans and Australians occurred on the expressed inclusion and wanted control needs, with the Australians exhibiting stronger needs in these areas. The United States students were significantly different from the Japanese on all the interpersonal needs scores except wanted control. The Koreans exhibited weaker inclusion needs than the United States students, but stronger needs to express control than the Americans. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Australia; Japan; Korea
Note: Paper presented at the Speech Communication Association Summer Conference on Intercultural Communication (Honolulu, Hawaii, August 2-4, 1979)