ERIC Number: ED175896
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
The Strong Has Strong Biases.
Pezzoli, Jean A.
The revised and renamed Strong Campbell Interest Inventory (SCII) is examined to determine if the occupational and sex biases present in the older Strong Vocational Interest Blank (SVIB) were eliminated. It is concluded that an occupational bias (favoring professional rather than blue-collar occupations) still exists in the SCII, although there is a better representation of careers. Occupations are clustered around office occupations, education, and health occupations, while industrial production, transportation, social science, and agricultural occupations are underrepresented. Construction, and mechanical and repair jobs are not included. Separate male and female forms are merged into a single version in the SCII. However, certain occupations are designated as either male or female. Test scores can be deceiving if the counselor considers only the resulting graphs, rather than whether male, female, or both norms were used in graphing the results. Standard scores for all occupational scales are provided, although they are not plotted. It is concluded that these biases do not render the SCII useless; however, test users are advised to be aware of the drawbacks, and to use the SCII judiciously along with other interest and value inventories. A classification of the occupational clusters represented in male and female forms of the scales, as well as a sample one-page summary of results, are appended. (MH)
Descriptors: Blue Collar Occupations, Career Counseling, Females, Interest Inventories, Males, Norms, Occupational Tests, Professional Occupations, Research Reports, Scores, Scoring, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, Sex Stereotypes, Test Bias, Test Interpretation, Test Reviews, Test Validity, Vocational Interests
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Leeward Community Coll.
Identifiers: Strong Campbell Interest Inventory; Strong Vocational Interest Blank
Note: Appendices marginally legible