ERIC Number: ED175720
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Impact of Calculators in Elementary School Mathematics. Final Report.
Wheatley, Grayson H.; Shumway, Richard J.
Widespread concern over the use of calculators by young children prompted a broad year-long study of the impact of calculators on elementary school mathematics learning. Two teachers from each of grades 2-6 from five midwestern states participated in the study, which was designed to approximate a "first use" level of calculators in schools. Pupils continued to study from their regular mathematics textbooks and teachers were encouraged to select calculator activities from reference materials made available by the study. The experimenters made no attempt to prescribe calculator activities or a specific frequency of calculator use. The following conclusions seem warranted: (1) there are no measurable detrimental effects for the first-year use of calculators for teaching mathematics in grades 2-6; (2) children have a high, positive attitude toward using calculators in mathematics; and (3) children learn to use calculators for computation with 30 minutes of instruction and can perform computations much more successfully than children not using calculators. Informal observations by site directors and teachers suggest that curriculum implications for calculators in the elementary school could be dramatic. The authors recommend further research on the effects of longer and more intensive calculator use. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN. Dept. of Education.; Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN. Dept. of Mathematics.
Note: Contains light and broken type in Appendices