ERIC Number: ED175629
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Problem Structure on First-Graders' Initial Solution Processes for Simple Addition and Subtraction Problems.
Carpenter, Thomas P.; And Others
This study was presented at the 1979 meeting of the American Education Research Association (AERA), San Francisco. It investigated the relationship between the structure of simple addition and subtraction problems and the types of processes children use to solve them prior to receiving formal arithmetic instruction. Specific strategies which young children use to carry out addition and subtraction computations were also studied. Forty-three first-grade children were individually administered 20 problems representing 10 different problem types. Results showed that before receiving instruction, children: (1) can successfully solve addition and subtraction problems; (2) use solution processes which model the structural problem type; and (3) rely on a variety of counting strategies for computation. (Author/HM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: American Education Research Association
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 8-12, 1979)