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ERIC Number: ED175546
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Sex-Role Preference: What Are We Measuring?
Smith, Janet E.; And Others
This study was designed to compare the toy/activity preferences of a group of young children, as measured by traditional procedures, with their spontaneous toy/activity choices as they occur during unstructured periods of free play. Participants in the study included fifty-seven 4-year-old children enrolled in three half-day nursery school programs. All children received the Concealed It version of Brown's It Scale for Children. During free play sessions in the nursery school classes, the spontaneous activities of each child were observed using point-time sampling procedures. For each observation, either the target child's activity (in 27 predetermined categories) or the sex of each peer with whom the child interacted was recorded. For purposes of analysis, each of the activity categories was given a Masculine/Feminine rating (1=most feminine, 5=most masculine). Three activity scores were calculated for each child: Sex-Typed Score, Masculine Activity Score and Feminine Activity Score. The observed percentage of interactions involving same sex peers was calculated as well as the percentage that would have been expected if same sex peer interaction had occurred randomly. Results indicated that there were no significant correlations between scores on the Concealed It and any of the observational measures, or between Concealed It scores and same sex playmate preference. Significant sex differences were found in the Concealed It score, the Sex-Typed Score, and the time spent in masculine and feminine activities. Both sexes interacted with same sex peers significantly more than would have been expected by chance. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Point Time Sampling Procedures
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979)