ERIC Number: ED175504
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Tracking and Vocational Education in Community Colleges.
Pincus, Fred L.
A critical analysis of terminal vocational education reveals that its benefits may be modest, at best. Supporters argue that vocational education will reduce unemployment by preparing more students for upwardly-mobile "middle-level" jobs. They further contend that vocational education will reduce the number of four-year college graduates and bring the supply of educated people more into correspondence with labor market demands. Critics argue that the "tracking" of students into working-class jobs limits their opportunities for advancement while raising their expectations. Vocational education benefits businesses and corporations more than students since it reduces the costs of training a labor force. A review of available large-scale empirical follow-up studies of former vocational students reveals that unemployment rates of vocational graduates generally exceed 6% and are comparable to the unemployment rates of four-year college graduates. Incomes of former vocational students are generally lower than the incomes of those who have four or more years of college education. Dropouts from vocational education programs tend to earn more than vocational graduates. While advocates may become more realistic about the promises of vocational education, some lack of interest on the part of prospective students may result. (Author/DR)
Descriptors: Blue Collar Occupations, Educational Benefits, Educational Discrimination, Employment Opportunities, Employment Potential, Followup Studies, Job Skills, Labor Market, Postsecondary Education, Social Mobility, Socioeconomic Influences, Technical Education, Unemployment, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Convention of the Society for the Study of Social Problems (San Francisco, California, 1978)