ERIC Number: ED175329
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Effectiveness of Teaching Methods at the University Level. TERC Bulletin No. 7.
Connor, D. V.
Research evidence on the effectiveness of various methods of teaching at the university level are reviewed. Evidence is presented in the following areas: the effect of class size; large group instruction techniques; individualized learning, independent study, and programmed instruction; lecturing versus other methods; and laboratory teaching. The evidence strongly suggests that the size of the class need not be a major factor in the effectiveness of teaching and that the instruction process can be individualized and learning can be done independently provided that the correct procedures are used. The evidence further suggests that there is no one best method that is most effective for all situations and all subjects. The method that is most effective is the one that is most appropriate to the particular objective, to the size of the group, to the background and achievement of the students, to the personality and skill of the lecturer, and to the preferences of both professors and students for the particular method being used. Arbitrary and specific direction of students is as bad as lack of any direction. The studies on laboratory teaching methods suggest that there are many new approaches that can and should replace teaching of the conventional laboratory-experiment type. Since independent activity by the student is the ultimate goal, this fact should influence all teaching efforts. (SC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New South Wales Univ., Kensington (Australia). Tertiary Education Research Centre.