ERIC Number: ED175217
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Movement for Independent Living: Origins, Ideology, and Implications for Disability Research.
The paper designed to evaluate independent living for handicapped persons as a social movement, analyze the movement's expression in disability services, and consider the movement's implications for disability research. An initial section recounts the movement's constituency, origins, legislative history, and its relationship to such social movements as civil rights, consumerism, self-help, demedicalization, and deinstitutionalization. Three major assumptions (consumer sovereignty, self reliance, and political and economic rights) of the movement are seen to be central to the movement's ideology regarding free market theory, and the political theory of democratic pluralism. Specific disability services (such as advocacy, attendant care, and peer counseling services) are pointed out as illustrative of the movement's philosophy. The final section proposes an analytic paradigm for independent living which sees that the problem does not reside in the individual but often in the dependency inducing features of the rehabilitation paradigm. Future considerations regarding the role of able bodied persons and pending legislation are addressed. (CL)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Civil Rights, Consumer Education, Disabilities, Handicapped Children, Normalization (Handicapped), Policy Formation, Political Influences, Politics, Social Adjustment, State of the Art Reviews, Trend Analysis
University Centers for International Rehabilitation, D-201 West Fee Hall, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (No charge)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rehabilitation Services Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Human Development.
Authoring Institution: Tufts Univ., Medford, MA. New England Medical Center.
Identifiers: Independent Living
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (New Orleans, Louisiana, November 17, 1978)