ERIC Number: ED175131
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr-11
Reference Count: 0
Resource Allocation Strategies Employed in Large versus Small School Systems.
Gutierrez, Eugene J.
Education is faced with a declining resource base coupled with overwhelming demands for categorical programs. The current resource allocation strategy common to all systems is cutting spending. The difference between large and small districts is less important than differences in complexity. Complexity in resource allocations is more a function of the district's diverse needs than of its size. A relatively homogeneous student body necessitates simpler resource allocation than does a heterogeneous educationally disadvantaged student body. Inner-city school districts, irrespective of size, must address such needs as those attendant to compensatory education, special education, bilingual education, education for the gifted, poverty, poor nutrition, and health problems. Each need is represented by large numbers of students and requires a substantial general fund resource allocation in spite of categorical funding. Within the zero-sum-game resource environment that school districts are in, what one program gets, another loses. Working out a compromise budget to get a majority board vote is no small problem. In contrast, the small or less complex system allocates a relatively greater proportion of resources to the basic program of instruction, comes closer to efficiency, and has a community more understanding of budget constraints. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Categorical Programs
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 8-12, 1979); Not available in paper copy due to light print of original document