ERIC Number: ED175127
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Aug-16
Reference Count: 0
The Even Bigger Picture--A Dissident View of the Change Process.
Holt, Howard B.
All changes in educational practice are based on the assumption that it is possible experimentally or operationally to determine with accuracy which educational method is best. Yet experience suggests this assumption is doubtful. In almost every new educational experiment, the initial results are positive. In later stages, after the change is mandated and enthusiasm dies, measured results decline. This is partly because of the Hawthorne Effect (that is, the act of experimenting with any new program results temporarily in better performance). It is furthermore impossible to measure with true accuracy the results of educational change programs. The only conclusion that can be made from research concerning educational change is that people have the most success with programs they believe in. Therefore an administrator must (1) be sure to have a high quality staff, (2) expose the staff to new promising programs, (3) let staff choose their own program, (4) give support to staff programs, (5) be less concerned with conformity in method, and (6) be prepared for programs to continue to change. The potential of organizational members ought to be maximized by having them informed, involved, and carrying out programs of their own. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Hawthorne Effect
Note: Paper presented at the National Conference of Professors of Educational Administration (33rd, Edmonton, Alberta, August 12-16, 1979)