ERIC Number: ED175112
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The National Safe School Study: Overview and Implications.
Wyne, Marvin D.
From 1975 to 1978 the National Institute of Education conducted a national survey on school crime. They assessed the incidence and seriousness of the problem, the number and location of schools affected, the costs, the means of prevention used, and the effectiveness of these means. More than 4,000 elementary and secondary schools were surveyed and a representative sample of 642 junior and senior high schools was visited by onsite field representatives. Researchers found that although school violence appears to be waning, it is still a serious problem. Several factors are associated with school violence, including high crime rate and presence of gangs in the area, high proportion of male students, large schools and classes, and a lack of principal firmness, fairness and predictability in enforcement. Factors associated with vandalism included high crime rate, large schools, lack of good enforcement by the principal, lack of family integration and discipline, poor coordination between faculty and administration, and high importance of grades. The study suggests that crime can be reduced by an equitable structure of order, legitimate and effective governance, strong leadership, "personalization" of the schools, and better security measures. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Crime, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention, Discipline Problems, Elementary Secondary Education, Humanization, Interpersonal Relationship, Leadership, Principals, School Administration, School Security, School Size, School Vandalism, Speeches, Student Teacher Relationship, Surveys, Violence
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: National Institute of Education
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 4-8, 1979)