ERIC Number: ED174922
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship of Stress Arousal and Stress Prone Personality Traits to Menstrual Distress.
Marini, David C.
The various relationships of stress arousal and stress-prone personality traits to menstrual distress were investigated in order to quantify psychophysiological arousal differences between high and low menstrual distress symptom reporters and examine differences in stress-prone personality traits between high and low menstrual distress symptom reporters. College women (N=50) were blocked into two groups based on menstrual distress symptom prevalence: a high symptom report group (N=26), and a low symptom report group (N=24). Baseline and stress levels of heart rate, respiration rate, muscle tension, skin temperature, and skin resistance were taken on all subjects during the intermenstrual and critical menstrual cycle phases. A battery of stress-prone personality inventories was also administered including trait anxiety, locus of control, and type-A behavior pattern. Comparisons by ANOVA with repeated measures indicated that there were significant differences in baseline levels of heart rate, respiration rate, and skin temperature in women reporting high menstrual distress symptoms. Utilization of ANOVA with repeated measures revealed that heart rate and respiration rate levels were higher in the critical phase of the menstrual cycle, nonspecific to a symptom group. Comparisons by t-tests indicated significant differences in type-A behavior pattern, locus of control, with the high MDS reporters exhibiting more stress-prone traits than low reporters. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Institute of the American Association of Sex Educators, Counselors and Therapists (12th, Washington, D.C., April 4-8, 1979)