ERIC Number: ED174773
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Eliminating Sex-Role Stereotyping in Vocational Education. Report on the Identification of Sex Biases in Vocational Education Instructional Materials and Resources.
Three hundred and fifty nine career and vocational resources were reviewed to determine if male and female students in Michigan secondary schools were exposed to sex-role stereotyping in instructional materials. The review was conducted as part of a site visitation to twenty secondary and area vocational skill centers. A twenty-two item instrument was designed to yield data which would determine the frequency of specific stereotypic patterns. Each questionnaire item was applied to three areas: (1) language, (2) illustrations, and (3) context. Among the findings was that in an average of 53% of the learning resources, gender was associated with job titles, objects, interests, activities, or occupations through context and language. In addition, 6.1% of the materials had cliches, innuendoes, sentences, and/or questions that connote or denote sex-role stereotyping. Thirty-nine percent of the materials through context, 33% through illustrations, and 30% through language were directed to males predominantly. Stereotyping was more evident in interactions among persons in a work setting than in interactions among family and peers. Also it was found that an intention to reflect minority populations was evident in an average of 28% of the three categories. (The instrument for assessing sex-role stereotyping in learning resources is appended.) (LRA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Michigan State Dept. of Education, Lansing.
Authoring Institution: Western Michigan Univ., Kalamazoo. Center for Women's Services.
Note: Not available in hard copy due to small print throughout document; For a related document see CE 020 371