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ERIC Number: ED174674
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Multitrait-Multimethod Approach to Evaluating Measurement Techniques in Developmental Research.
Schaeffer, Gary A.; And Others
Developmental psychologists have not traditionally documented the psychometric properties of their observational instruments, partly because such concepts as reliability and validity are associated mainly with paper-and-pencil tests. A multitrait-multimethod correlation matrix (MTMM) was presented as a useful method for the psychometric evaluation of these instruments; two hypothesized constructs important in early social development (fear of strangers and exploration in a novel environment) were measured by a laboratory observation of child behavior, and by a maternal questionnaire. The MTMM applied an evaluation sequence not usually followed by researchers--the sequence consisted of intra- and inter-observer agreement; stability--consistency of children's behavior over a short term; and construct validity (and its prerequisites, convergent and discriminant validity). Observer agreement was a necessary but not sufficient condition for stability, and stability was a necessary but not sufficient condition for validity. (CP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Multitrait Multimethod Techniques
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (63rd, San Francisco, California, April 8-12, 1979)