ERIC Number: ED174173
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Determinants of Structure in Arts, Science, and Humanities Colleges in Major Universities: A Macro-Sociological Approach. ASHE Annual Meeting 1979 Paper.
Creswell, John; Jones, Larry R.
Deans from 53 colleges of arts, science, and humanities at major U.S. universities provided data about the structure of their colleges. These colleges were studied because structural changes are occurring and baseline data is needed. Forty-two percent of the deans reported that a formal study of reorganization of their colleges had taken place in the last five years. The basic research questions addressed were: what impact does the number of faculty or students (size) have on the number of departments (horizontal differentiation), administrative levels (vertical differentiation), or the proportion of administrators?; and do interdependent faculty networks, such as faculty committees, have a mediating influence on size, structure, and proportions of administration? Propositions developed by Peter Blau in his study of academic and employment security agencies form the conceptual framework for answering these questions. Results of the study (1) confirm the pervasive effects of size on structure; (2) challenge the evidence of prior studies that differentiation offsets the effects of size on the proportion of administrators; and (3) suggest that different forms of interdependent faculty networks have different effects on structure and the proportion of administrators. Implications of the findings for stable or declining enrollments in arts, science, and humanities colleges are discussed. (Author/MSE)
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Administrators, College Administration, College Faculty, Conference Reports, Declining Enrollment, Departments, Higher Education, Horizontal Organization, Humanities, Liberal Arts, Middle Management, Organizational Climate, Power Structure, School Organization, School Size, Sciences, Surveys, Universities, Vertical Organization
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ASHE Annual Meeting 1979
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (Washington, D.C., April 1979)