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ERIC Number: ED173780
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Dec
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Developing Literary Understanding: A Transactional Approach.
Clifford, John
One way to help students develop literary analytical skills is to combine literary transactional theory with focused free-writing activity. By adapting and using Louise Rosenblatt's transactional theory, literature teachers show students the stages by which the literary experience of a creative work is recreated by the student and incorporated within the student's own life experience. These stages include engagement or initial involvement with the work, perception, interpretation, and evaluation. The activity that seems to help students bring out their responses at each stage is focused free writing before, during, and after their reading of the literary work. This writing helps students create a more explicit, ordered context for their encounters with unfamiliar literature, and it usually places the primary emphasis on the active transaction between text and reader instead of on either text or reader. The repetition of the full critical sequence and all the writing activities need not be completed with every text that students examine; but repetitions of the four stages periodically in beginning literature courses can help inexperienced readers internalize the analytical process so that eventually these students replace such "pedagogical scaffolding" with more natural, intuitive literary responses. (RL)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Transactional Criticism
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Modern Language Association of America (93rd, New York, New York, December 27-30, 1978)