ERIC Number: ED173724
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Biological Differences and Social Equality: A Revolutionary Idea.
Vaughter, Reesa M.
Barriers to equitable scientific consideration of biological differences are being noticed by many scholars considering social equity. Many have observed the alliance and contamination of the biological and social sciences, reinforcing cultural biases. The uncritical acceptance and application of bio-medical models also produce inadequate methods of studying human behavior. Both the mechanistic and organic world views are compatible with an egalitarian view of biological differences, criticizing domination, thus contradicting the philosophy of the experimental method of domination and manipulation. Social Darwinsim views social inequity as a natural evolutionary process selecting the fittest for the future. Critics note how man differs from other species and machines, and the prescriptive rather than descriptive nature of the theory of evolution. The more promising solutions to such shortcomings involve interdisciplinary studies of values, social equality, and justice, which will provide a framework for research, decision guidelines about research topics, may define social problems, and provide a framework for social policy recommendations. (Author/LS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Equality; Social Equity
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978)