ERIC Number: ED173712
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Dec
Reference Count: 0
School Failure, School Attitudes and the Self-Concept in Delinquents.
Johnston, Patrick S.
The extent to which juvenile delinquents differ significantly from non-delinquents and probationary-delinquent adolescents in terms of self-esteem and self-concept levels, attitudes toward school, levels of school achievement and failure was investigated. Male students between the ages of 14 and 16 attending three schools in two towns in British Columbia made up the study's sample population. A total of 120 comprised the sample, 40 randomly selected from each of the three schools. Test materials supplemented school records as well as seven tests which gathered data on achievement and self-concept, six subscales of one instrument which provided data on attitudes toward school, and another instrument whose index supplied anxiety data. Results indicated that: (1) delinquent juveniles differed significantly on all factors as compared to probationary-delinquent and non-delinquent adolescents; (2) the delinquent subjects had significantly higher feelings of anxiety; and (3) the delinquents repeated a significantly greater number of grades, thereby failing in school significantly more often, and had significantly lower reading skills and achievement levels as compared to the other groups. Conclusions are that: (1) juvenile delinquency is identifiable by a specific pattern of factors; (2) the factors studies are significantly associated with juvenile delinquency; and (3) that study results empirically support Glasser's theoretical position that school failure and delinquency are significantly associated. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Walden University; Best copy available