ERIC Number: ED173573
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Influence of Occupational Toys on Career Aspirations. Final Progress Report.
Riley, Pamela J.; Powers, Patricia
A study was made of the impact of nonsexist toys and games on the occupational aspirations and attitudes of kindergarten and fourth-grade children. It was hypothesized that children who play with toys and games that suggest "non-sex-biased" career options would be less likely to hold to traditional occupational expectations. Children in twenty-three classrooms were exposed to the toys and games for four months. After this exposure, children in these classes were compared with children in eighteen control classrooms. Analysis of the kindergarten data indicated that the effects of region (urban or rural) and group (experimental or control) on the occupational choices were relatively slight. However, the sex differences were highly significant. When asked to draw a picture of what they could be when they grew up, boys selected male sex-typed occupations and girls selected female sex-typed occupations. As with the kindergarten children, but to a lesser extent, fourth-grade males and females seemed to be well aware of sex role expectations. While the data suggested that the toys and games had only a limited impact, various factors may have influenced the impact of the toys, and competing forms of sex-role socialization. (Appended are references, a list of the toys used, questionnaires, and other materials developed for the experiement.) (LMS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Women's Educational Equity Act Program.
Authoring Institution: N/A