ERIC Number: ED173372
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Learning in the Learner's Perspective. IV. Considering One's Own Strategy. No. 79.
After reading a passage from a text which explained the deep and surface approaches to learning, ninety Swedish teenagers and adults with varying levels of formal education were asked to discuss their own learning in terms of this distinction. Surprisingly, sixty-one subjects considered both approaches applicable to their own learning. After further questioning, only thirty-three were able to demonstrate that they understood the meaning of both terms. These subjects perceived their approach to learning as being situation-dependent. They were likely to use the deep approach if they were interested in the learning material itself. Surface approaches were typical when studying for tests, participating in an experiment, or in school. The finding that people perceive their strategy to vary over situations is difficult to reconcile with the traditional starting point for research on learning approaches; namely, that learning approaches can be understood in terms of individual psychological characteristics. (CP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Swedish Council for Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Stockholm.
Authoring Institution: Gothenburg Univ. (Sweden). Inst. of Education.
Note: For related documents, see TM 008 655-657