ERIC Number: ED173370
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Learning in the Learner's Perspective. II. Differences in Awareness. No. 77.
Interview data on the learning experiences and techniques of 90 Swedish teenagers and adults were further analyzed to explore changes in views on learning reported by the subjects themselves, and differences between subjects with respect to age (range 15-73) and formal education (range 6-17 years). Some subjects equated knowledge with discrete units of information, and learning with transfer of facts into the head. Others introduced various distinctions as they described their conceptions of learning, as well as their methods of study; the phenomenon of learning became an object of reflection (thematized). This group could distinguish between learning for life versus learning in school, and between rote learning versus understanding; furthermore, they were also aware of the influence of the context of learning. Since this was not a longitudinal study, it was difficult to draw conclusions about developmental changes. It was hypothesized that extensive experience leads to thematization, and that thematization improves learning performance. (CP)
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Adults, Age Differences, Cognitive Development, Conceptual Schemes, Difficulty Level, Educational Experience, Experiential Learning, Foreign Countries, Learning, Learning Experience, Learning Processes, Perception, Postsecondary Education, Research Reports, Secondary Education, Student Attitudes
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Swedish Council for Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Stockholm.
Authoring Institution: Gothenburg Univ. (Sweden). Inst. of Education.
Note: For related documents, see TM 008 655-658