ERIC Number: ED172976
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-May-21
Reference Count: 0
Rural VOC's for Rural Folks: Vocational Education in the Country.
Rosenfeld, Stuart A.
Rural conditions influence the implementation and effect of vocational education policies dealing with funding, accessibility, economics, and local values. By law funding formulas must consider two criteria: relative district wealth, often determined by property values, which have a low correlation to median family income; and concentration of low-income families, which depends on the number applying for aid at often inaccessible rural agencies or on historically underestimated rural unemployment rates. Inaccessibility and transportation problems can limit participation dispersed populations. Rural vocational education may not provide diversified skill training to offset rural underemployment or skills essential for rural living, such as auto repair. Rural conservatism and values may block implementation of nontraditional federal policy, such as women's education. Self-employment, self-reliance, and wide-ranging skills are rural values which run counter to those implied by imposed schedules and industrial specialization. (SB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Attitudes, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Educational Programs, Federal Legislation, Government Role, Government School Relationship, Program Evaluation, Proximity, Rural Areas, Rural Economics, Rural Education, Rural Urban Differences, Skill Development, Social Values, Values, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Elementary and Secondary Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.; National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Office of the Assistant Secretary for Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Vocational Education Act 1963
Note: Paper presented at the Rural Education Seminar (College Park, Maryland, 29-31 May 1979)