ERIC Number: ED172960
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Validation of a Poison Prevention Program.
Gill, Noel C.; Braden, Barbara T.
Two way analyses of variance and cross-group descriptive comparisons assessed the effectiveness of the Siop Poison Prevention Program, which included an educational program and the use of warning labels, on improving verbal and visual discrimination of poisonous and nonpoisonous products for preschool children. The study sample consisted of 156 day care and nursery school children randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups: (1) educational program with Siop warning labels, (2) educational program, (3) Siop warning labels, and (4) control. A combination of the educational program with the use of Siop warning labels proved to be the most effective approach in both verbal and visual discrimination. The educational program proved more effective for verbal discrimination and the Siop warning labels proved more effective in improving visual discrimination. The results suggest two components for an effective poison prevention program: an intellectual awareness of poisons and an ability to visually discriminate poisonous from nonpoisonous products. The educational program tended to facilitate intellectual awareness more, while Siop warning labels had a greater effect on visual discrimination. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Poison Prevention