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ERIC Number: ED172922
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
An Ecological Validation of Social Cognitive Development.
Enright, Robert D.; Sutterfield, Sara J.
Two classrooms of first graders (n-40) were administered Damon's moral judgment measure, Spivack and Shure's social problems solving measure and Stanford-Binet vocabulary. Concurrently, two observers recorded in the children's school environment incidences of successful resolutions of interactions, amount of derogation, and the number of times a child was approached by peers. A positive relationship was predicted between moral development and frequency of success, proportion of success, and number of times the child was approached by others. Negative relationships were predicted between morality and frequency of unsuccessful responses, proportion of such responses, and derogation. The same predictions were made for social problem solving and the behavioral variables. Vocabulary was the disciminant cognitive variable; thus, no relationship to behavior was predicted. Results confirmed the positive relationship of the moral variable with proportion of successes and numbers of times subjects were approached by peers. Further, the predicted negative relationship between the moral variable and proportion of unsuccessful outcomes held. When vocabulary was partialed out, these relationships did not hold for social problem solving reasoning. As expected, vocabulary did not relate to competent social behavior. The results support moral judgment as an ecologically valid social cognitive construct. (Author/SS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Damons Moral Judgment Measure; Ecological Validity; Naturalistic Research; Spivack and Shures Social Problem Solving Measures
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979)