ERIC Number: ED172911
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Selective Attention Deficits and Distractibility in Reading-Disabled Children: Recent Data and Renalysis.
Pelham, William E., Jr.
The series of studies discussed here was designed to provide an extensive investigation into the hypothesis that reading disabilities and deficits in selective attention are related. Three studies were carried out on three different groups of children from first grade through sixth grade, and five different tasks were employed. Subjects were selected from a group of boys diagnosed as reading-disabled. IQs and scores on a standardized test of reading achievement were used as a basis for further selection. Controls were obtained from subjects' classrooms and the same exclusionary criteria were applied. The tasks used in the studies were among those previously used to measure the development of selective attention: visual and auditory forms of a central-incidental learning task, a choice reaction time classification task, a dichotic listening task and a short-term memory task with distraction. As a whole, the results appear to demonstrate that children who are poor readers are not more distractible than and do not have deficits in selective attention relative to comparison children. These studies examined averaged group effects. Individual differences should be studied as well as group means in order to further understanding of reading disability. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, California, March 15-18, 1979)