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ERIC Number: ED172905
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Sibling Interaction in the Home.
Abramovitch, Rona; And Others
This study of the interaction between first- and second-born preschool-aged siblings in a naturalistic setting investigates imitative, prosocial and agonistic (aggressive) behavior in terms of age, sex and spacing variables. Thirty-four dyads of same sex siblings were observed for two 1-hour periods in their homes. The younger siblings averaged 20 months of age and the age interval between siblings was either large (2.5 to 4 years) or small (1 to 2 years). The sex of the dyad affected agonistic and prosocial behavior but not imitation. Males were more physically aggressive. Older females were more prosocial in their behavior than any of the other groups. Age of the children within the dyad affected agonistic, prosocial, and imitative behavior. Older children initiated agonistic and prosocial acts more often than their younger siblings. In response to agonistic acts, older children more often made a counterattack, whereas younger siblings more often submitted. Younger siblings imitated their older siblings more often than the older siblings imitated the younger. The interval between siblings had little effect on the patterning of interaction, although there were some indications that the small-interval male dyads were somewhat more negative in their interactions than the other groups. The findings of sex and age patterns and the high levels of interaction in all groups are discussed in terms of the potential importance of sibling interaction for social development. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Agonistic Behavior; Dyads; Sibling Spacing