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ERIC Number: ED172800
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar-7
Reference Count: 0
Efficiency of Students' Achievement Using Black/White and Color Coded Learning and Test Materials.
Lamberski, Richard J.; Roberts, Dennis M.
The purpose of this study was to compute and analyze descriptive indices of efficiency assessing the relative effectiveness of a verbal and visual color code applied to self-paced learning and testing materials. The sample consisted of 176 college subjects randomly assigned to one of four treatment conditions receiving black/white (B) or color coded (C) materials: B learning and testing materials, or C learning materials but B testing materials. These materials consisted of a 21-page learning booklet on the human heart and an 80-item test measuring different levels of cognitive knowledge; content was identical except that in some treatment conditions a color code having meaningful physical form and associative value was applied. Subjects read through the learning booklet followed immediately by a test; six weeks later the identical test was administered to assess delayed retention. Time on learning and time on tests were recorded. Data indicated that while color coded learning materials facilitated achievement, additional time for acquisition and for retrieval was necessary. This primary relationship, in addition to secondary relationships, was discussed in light of each efficiency derivation. A list of references and several tables and graphs are attached. (Author/RAO)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Black and White Presentation
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 7, 1979); For related document, see IR 007 416