ERIC Number: ED172437
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Wide and Deep: An Assessment of the Nature and Magnitude of the Costs of Implementing SPECS.
Frentz, Anne Sutherland
The purpose of this study was to estimate the costs in both money and teachers' and administrators' time required to implement the School Planning Evaluation and Communication System (SPECS). The primary source of data was the SPECS field test site activities records maintained by the SPECS development team. Costs were calculated for each district. Overall, costs of installing the SPECS system were difficult to assess, and conclusions were tentative. Results revealed that the cost of conducting a systems analysis of a district may range from five person-days to several months, depending on the level of detail desired and the size of and complexity of the district. The cost of changing to a program budget will be high unless the district is very small or shares a system with other districts. The third component, made up of program planning, implementation, documentation, evaluation, and replanning, is the most intricate of the components and the one for which costs are the most difficult to assess. Implementation is the most costly phase of this component. Data on components four (community goal definition) and five (policy-making) are sketchy but the costs of implementing these components are not sizeable. A lengthy appendix contains details of cost analysis data and data analysis. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Oregon Univ., Eugene. Center for Educational Policy and Management.
Identifiers: School Planning Evaluation Communication System
Note: For related documents, see ED 087 442, ED 111 073, ED 168 110-117, and EA 011 854-856; Not available in paper copy due to marginal legibility of original document