ERIC Number: ED172135
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Oct
Reference Count: 0
The Language Development of Disabled Secondary Readers: II.
Mavrogenes, Nancy A.
To find an area of weakness in disabled readers that might profitably be strengthened, the level of language development of disabled secondary readers was compared with that of competent secondary readers. The group of disabled readers used in the study consisted of 20 high school students in a corrective reading class; the comparison group consisted of 22 members of a class for "highly motivated" students. Reading levels, parental educational levels, and parental occupational levels were all higher for the able than for the disabled group. Students were tested on their comprehension of five linguistic structures identified by Carol Chomsky as representing five developmental stages in acquisition of syntax. Analysis of the results revealed that 10% of the disabled readers and 55% of the able readers comprehended all five constructions, as compared with 11% of Chomsky's subjects (children aged five through ten years old). The fact that no significant difference in performance was observed between the disabled readers and the children in Chomsky's sample suggests that disabled secondary readers may suffer from a low level of language development, while the differences in socioeconomic level between the two adolescent groups indicates a correlation between socioeconomic status and language development. It can be hypothesized that strengthening students' level of language development will also strengthen their reading ability. (GT)
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Comparative Analysis, Compensatory Education, Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, High Achievement, Language Acquisition, Language Research, Low Achievement, Reading Achievement, Reading Difficulty, Reading Research, Socioeconomic Background, Syntax
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Chomsky (Carol)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Great Lakes Regional Conference of the International Reading Association (3rd, Cincinnati, Ohio, October 12-14, 1978); For related document, see ED 141 763