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ERIC Number: ED172081
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Sep-1
Reference Count: 0
Situational Influences and Sex Differences in Children's Reward Allocation Behavior.
Barnett, Mark A.
The effects of situational influences and sex differences in the reward allocation behavior of children was investigated in four studies. Experiment 1 focused on the distribution of rewards to workers presented as being in either a unit or non-unit relationship with each other. The second experiment determined whether a similar pattern of sex differences in allocation behavior would occur under conditions in which the child was led to believe that he or she was more or less successful than an actual competitor. Experiment 3 and 4, in addition to assessing sex differences, explored the role of peer models on children's reward allocation behavior. Results indicated that: (1) boys are more self-serving than girls in their division of rewards under competitive instructional set conditions wherein the child-allocator serves as a co-recipient; (2) allocation behavior is influenced by the pattern of distribution modeled by a same-sex peer; and (3) allocation behavior is affected by informing the children that the competition outcome is due to differences in worker ability or a function of chance, but only for the "winning" children. (Author/HLM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Allocation Behavior
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978)