ERIC Number: ED171485
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jan
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Governmental Transfer Payments on Human Resource Development--A Synthesis. Rural Development Series No. 8.
Hill, Nancy Vrechek; Brown, E. Evan
Before social welfare programs can be successfully designed and administered, the problems of the needy must be known. Research literature appearing from 1969 through mid-1977 reveals that: most welfare recipients are dramatically inferior in their ability to compete in the labor market; poverty is a multiproblematic chain which has not been successfully broken by transfer of payments; and rural low-income residents have particular problems including child care, transportation, health, family lifestyles, self image, and family and home responsibilities. Under the broad categories of education, health, income security, and veterans, the federal government makes payments to individuals where no current or future goods or services are required to be provided in return. Three basic programs determine the type, amount and impact of all direct transfer payment programs: (1) transfers to the physically, socially, and/or economically indigent; (2) transfers to the self-supporting and sufficient, but temporarily needy; and (3) transfers made because of "earned privileges" or mandatory social provision. This synthesis outlines historical perspectives, lists specific programs, gives conclusions and recommendations, provides a bibliography of the 73 references cited in the report, and serves as a starting point for rural development planning and projects from the national to the local level. (NEC)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Delivery Systems, Education, Federal Aid, Government Role, Health Insurance, Housing, Human Development, Human Resources, Human Services, Low Income Groups, Programs, Rural Development, Services, Social Responsibility, Social Services, State of the Art Reviews, Unemployment Insurance, Veterans, Welfare, Welfare Services
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Southern Rural Development Center, State College, MS.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Social Security; Transfer Payments
Note: Paper presented at the American Agricultural Association Meetings (Blacksburg, Virginia, August 8, 1978); For related document see ED 161 570